Men’s violence against women may take different forms

Psychological violence – Psychological violence can include various forms of verbal abuse, threats, isolation, blackmail and control, which gradually lead to a person being broken down mentally. Psychological violence can also include threats being directed at pets, children or other people who are close to the individual in question.

Physical violence – Physical violence is not just hitting or kicking another person, but also pushing, holding onto to someone, pulling someone’s hair or grabbing someone by the throat. In conclusion, physical violence is any form of violence that occurs using the body or an implement and that has physical consequences for the person being subjected to it.

Sexual violence – Sexual violence is any sexual acts that are not voluntary. This can include touching someone in a sexual way, having sex with someone, photographing or filming someone who is naked or having sex, or forcing another person to watch pornography. Sexual violence is also when a woman in a relationship is not herself allowed to decide when, how and where she is going to have sex. There does not need to be physical violence in order for an act to be viewed as sexual violence.

Economic violence – Economic violence is control and power exerted through economic resources. If your partner hides money or does not allow you to have your own money, this is economic violence. If your partner destroys your property, takes out loans or buys items by instalment in your name and thereby places you in debt, this is also economic violence.

Spiritual violence – Spiritual violence is violence motivated by religion or faith. Spiritual violence is also when a person’s faith is used to control, dominate and manipulate the person. An example of spiritual violence is when a person’s partner states that they are entitled to use violence because it is stated in the Bible, the Qur’an or some other holy scripture.

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